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Page history last edited by PBworks 13 years, 1 month ago


Latin Via Proverbs: Basic Latin in 50 Lessons


In order to help people either review their existing Latin or to cover the basics of Latin quickly, I'm creating a set of 50 lessons here, based on the materials in the Latin Via Proverbs book.


My approach here is the same approach that guided the creation of the book itself. To learn Latin means to know morphology, the "forms" (the "morphs") of each word. If you can correctly identify the case, number and gender of every noun and adjective, along with the tense, voice, mood plus person and number of every verb, you can successfully read Latin with a dictionary. So, these lessons focus exclusively on morphology - correctly identifying the form of each noun, adjective and verb.


Vocabulary: You will need to look up vocabulary as you go along and make vocabulary lists to study. So, you should definitely invest in a good Latin dictionary (Traupman's Latin dictionary is my favorite of the paperback dictionaries). Making vocabulary flash cards is enormously important; I recommend using Vis-Ed flash cards - they are a very convenient size and sturdy.


Most textbooks, on the other hand, spend an enormous amount of time trying to teach syntax, the ways in which sentences are constructed. I do not teach syntax in these lessons, because I do not believe that syntax needs to be taught per se. If you correctly identify the words (morphology) and understand the meaning (consulting a dictionary as needed), you will learn the rules of syntax on your own, simply by reading. In my experience in learning languages (and I have learned many inflected languages), trying to study syntax on its own is a waste of time. Studying morphology, on the other hand, is absolutely essential. You must study and memorize the the rules of morphology but, after that, you can learn what you need to learn naturally, in your reading of actual Latin.


Here, then, are the lessons I will be adding to this wiki, supplemented with items taken from Latin Via Proverbs, which is itself organized according to morphological categories. I'll try to post one lesson a day this summer, but I'm not sure I will be able to stick to that schedule! To get a notification of when a new lesson has been added, you can subscribe to the Bestiaria Latina update, where I provide information each day about new materials published at the BestLatin.net websites and blogs.




   Lesson 1. Number and case (nominative and accusative) - first declension.

   Lesson 2. Case (dative) - first declension.

   Lesson 3. Case (genitive) - first declension.

   Lesson 4. Case (ablative) - first declension.

   Lesson 5. Gender - second declension.

   Lesson 6. Case (vocative) - second declension.




   Lesson 7. Present active indicative + infinitive - first conjugation, with first-second declension nouns.

   Lesson 8. Present active indicative + infinitive - second conjugation, with first-second declension nouns.

   Lesson 9. Present active indicative + infinitive - third conjugation, with first-second declension nouns.

   Lesson 10. Present active indicative + infinitive - fourth conjugation, with first-second declension nouns.




  Lesson 11. Third declension nouns and adjectives.

  Lesson 12. Review of nouns.

  Lesson 13. Present active indicative verbs, with first-second-third declension nouns.

  Lesson 14. Fourth declension nouns

  Lesson 15. Fifth declension nouns

  Lesson 16. Present active indicative verbs, with fourth-fifth declension nouns.


MORE PRESENT ACTIVE SYSTEM (+ comparative adjectives, pronouns)


  Lesson 17. Present active indicative verbs - irregular forms.

  Lesson 18. Imperfect active indicative.

  Lesson 19. Present active imperative - first conjugation.

  Lesson 20. Present active imperative - third conjugation.

  Lesson 21. Present active imperative - second and fourth conjugations + review.

  Lesson 22. Future active indicative - first and second conjugations.

  Lesson 23. Future active indicative - third and fourth conjugations.

  Lesson 24. Future active indicative - irregular forms + review.

  Lesson 25. Comparison of adjectives.

  Lesson 26. Present active subjunctive - first conjugation.

  Lesson 27. Present active subjunctive - third conjugation.

  Lesson 28. Present active subjunctive - second and fourth conjugations.

  Lesson 29. Present active subjunctive + imperfect active subjunctive.

  Lesson 30. Pronouns.




  Lesson 31. Present passive indicative - first conjugation.

  Lesson 32. Present passive indicative - third conjugation.

  Lesson 33. Present passive indicative - second and fourth conjugations + review.

  Lesson 34. Present passive imperative.

  Lesson 35. Future passive indicative.

  Lesson 36. Present passive subjunctive + imperfect passive subjunctive.




  Lesson 37. Principal parts.

  Lesson 38. Perfect active indicative + Pluperfect active indicative.

  Lesson 39. Future perfect active indicative + Perfect and pluperfect active subjunctive.


PARTICIPLES (+ future imperative)


  Lesson 40. Introduction to participles: adjectives, analytic verbs, periphrastics.

  Lesson 41. Perfect passive.

  Lesson 42. Perfect passive - ablative absolute construction, the one example of syntax rather than morphology that I've included here! :-)

  Lesson 43. Present active participles - 1

  Lesson 44. Present active participles - 3

  Lesson 45. Present active participles - 24+

  Lesson 46. Present active - ablative absolute construction.

  Lesson 47. Future active participles.

  Lesson 48. Future passive participles.

  Lesson 49. Gerunds.

  Lesson 50. Future imperative.



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